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联合国:全球温室气体含量达80万年来最高水平

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月18日 11:24:53
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U米官方登陆平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。联合国:全球温室气体含量达80万年来最高水平

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(  国)(际)(在)(线)(消)(息)((记)(者)(段)(雪)(莲)():当)(地)(时)(间)(11月)(2日)(,联)(合)(国)(政)(府)(间)(气)(候)(变)(化)(专)(门)(委)(员)(会)(第)(五)(次)(评)(估)(报)(告)(在)(丹)(麦)(首)(都)(哥)(本)(哈)(根)(公)(布)(。报)(告)(显)(示)(,人)(类)(活)(动)(排)(放)(的)(温)(室)(气)(体)(指)(标)(目)(前)(达)(到)(了)(史)(上)(最)(高)(水)(平)(,若)(不)(采)(取)(行)(动)(,将)(导)(致)(“严)(重)(且)(不)(可)(逆)(转)(的)(后)(果)(”。
  该)(报)(告)(综)(合)(了)(自)(2013年)(9月)(起)(相)(继)(发)(布)(的)(三)(份)(调)(查)(报)(告)(的)(内)(容)(,分)(别)(就)(气)(候)(变)(化)(的)(原)(因)(,影)(响)(以)(及)(供)(决)(策)(者)(参)(考)(的)(应)(对)(措)(施)(进)(行)(了)(详)(细)(的)(阐)(述)(和)(解)(读)(。在)(哥)(本)(哈)(根)(参)(加)(报)(告)(发)(布)(仪)(式)(的)(联)(合)(国)(秘)(书)(长)(潘)(基)(文)(表)(示)(,这)(是)(联)(合)(国)(政)(府)(间)(气)(候)(变)(化)(专)(门)(委)(员)(会)(迄)(今)(为)(止)(编)(写)(得)(最)(为)(全)(面)(的)(关)(于)(全)(球)(气)(候)(现)(状)(的)(评)(估)(报)(告)(。
  “这)(份)(报)(告)(提)(供)(了)(三)(条)(重)(要)(信)(息)(:一)(,人)(类)(对)(气)(候)(系)(统)(的)(影)(响)(是)(非)(常)(显)(著)(的)(,并)(且)(影)(响)(在)(逐)(渐)(增)(长)(;第)(二)(,如)(果)(想)(要)(防)(止)(更)(加)(恶)(劣)(的)(后)(果)(,我)(们)(必)(须)(尽)(快)(地)(,坚)(决)(地)(采)(取)(行)(动)(;第)(三)(,我)(们)(有)(能)(力)(,有)(条)(件)(控)(制)(气)(候)(变)(化)(,建)(造)(一)(个)(更)(美)(好)(的)(未)(来)(。这)(份)(报)(告)(发)(现)(,世)(界)(各)(国)(并)(没)(有)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(带)(来)(的)(风)(险)(做)(好)(准)(备)(,尤)(其)(是)(那)(些)(贫)(穷)(和)(脆)(弱)(的)(,在)(应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(方)(面)(贡)(献)(最)(少)(的)(国)(家)(。”
  潘)(基)(文)(同)(时)(指)(出)(,虽)(然)(应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(对)(部)(分)(国)(家)(来)(说)(意)(味)(着)(经)(济)(负)(担)(,但)(如)(果)(不)(采)(取)(行)(动)(,将)(会)(面)(临)(更)(严)(重)(的)(经)(济)(损)(失)(。
  “有)(一)(种)(非)(常)(流)(行)(,既)(不)(科)(学)(也)(不)(经)(济)(的)(观)(点)(认)(为)(,采)(取)(措)(施)(应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(会)(消)(耗)(巨)(大)(的)(财)(力)(。我)(在)(这)(里)(可)(以)(肯)(定)(的)(说)(,不)(采)(取)(行)(动)(将)(会)(付)(出)(更)(大)(的)(代)(价)(。应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(和)(经)(济)(增)(长)(是)(密)(切)(相)(关)(的)(,就)(像)(一)(个)(硬)(币)(的)(两)(面)(。”
  政)(府)(间)(气)(候)(变)(化)(专)(门)(委)(员)(会)(成)(立)(于)(1998年)(,由)(联)(合)(国)(气)(候)(专)(家)(及)(数)(千)(名)(来)(自)(世)(界)(各)(地)(的)(科)(学)(家)(组)(成)(。其)(定)(期)(发)(布)(的)(气)(候)(变)(化)(评)(估)(报)(告)(是)(国)(际)(社)(会)(认)(识)(气)(候)(变)(化)(,制)(定)(应)(对)(政)(策)(和)(采)(取)(有)(效)(行)(动)(的)(重)(要)(科)(学)(依)(据)(。2007年)(,该)(组)(织)(与)(美)(国)(前)(副)(总)(统)(戈)(尔)(共)(同)(获)(得)(诺)(贝)(尔)(和)(平)(奖)(。
  在)(最)(新)(发)(布)(的)(第)(五)(次)(评)(估)(报)(告)(中)(,气)(候)(专)(家)(指)(出)(,全)(球)(大)(气)(层)(中)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(,甲)(烷)(和)(氧)(化)(亚)(氮)(的)(含)(量)(达)(到)(史)(上)(最)(高)(水)(平)(,在)(1880年)(至)(2012年)(间)(,地)(球)(表)(面)(平)(均)(温)(度)(上)(升)(了)(0.85摄)(氏)(度)(。若)(不)(采)(取)(措)(施)(减)(少)(二)(氧)(化)(碳)(排)(放)(,那)(么)(人)(类)(将)(在)(21世)(纪)(末)(前)(面)(临)(“严)(重)(且)(不)(可)(逆)(转)(的)(后)(果)(。”
  2009年)(哥)(本)(哈)(根)(气)(候)(大)(会)(上)(,《联)(合)(国)(气)(候)(变)(化)(框)(架)(条)(约)(》提)(出)(了)(到)(本)(世)(纪)(末)(将)(全)(球)(气)(温)(升)(高)(的)(幅)(度)(控)(制)(在)(与)(工)(业)(革)(命)(前)(相)(比)(的)(2摄)(氏)(度)(以)(内)(的)(目)(标)(。第)(五)(次)(评)(估)(报)(告)(为)(如)(何)(实)(现)(该)(目)(标)(提)(供)(了)(实)(际)(可)(操)(作)(的)(途)(径)(。负)(责)(宣)(读)(该)(报)(告)(的)(政)(府)(间)(气)(候)(变)(化)(专)(门)(委)(员)(会)(主)(席)(金)(德)(拉)(?帕)(乔)(里)(表)(示)(,可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(的)(应)(用)(将)(是)(达)(到)(这)(一)(目)(标)(的)(关)(键)(。
  “可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(的)(应)(用)(有)(很)(多)(选)(择)(,很)(多)(国)(家)(可)(以)(简)(单)(地)(将)(核)(能)(源)(用)(可)(再)(生)(能)(源)(来)(替)(代)(。我)(们)(在)(报)(告)(中)(非)(常)(清)(楚)(的)(指)(出)(,大)(部)(分)(国)(家)(都)(可)(以)(根)(据)(自)(己)(的)(实)(际)(情)(况)(,通)(过)(缓)(解)(,甚)(至)(紧)(急)(缓)(解)(措)(施)(,例)(如)(调)(整)(清)(洁)(能)(源)(在)(整)(个)(能)(源)(消)(耗)(中)(的)(比)(例)(,来)(实)(现)(目)(标)(。”
  帕)(乔)(里)(同)(时)(指)(出)(,国)(际)(合)(作)(也)(是)(应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(行)(动)(中)(至)(关)(重)(要)(的)(一)(环)(。
  “国)(际)(合)(作)(是)(我)(们)(在)(实)(现)(2摄)(氏)(度)(目)(标)(和)(其)(他)(控)(制)(气)(候)(变)(化)(目)(标)(的)(必)(要)(条)(件)(。只)(有)(通)(过)(国)(际)(合)(作)(,我)(们)(才)(能)(有)(效)(地)(共)(同)(应)(对)(气)(候)(变)(化)(提)(出)(的)(挑)(战)(。”
  据)(了)(解)(,政)(府)(间)(气)(候)(变)(化)(专)(门)(委)(员)(会)(发)(布)(的)(第)(五)(次)(评)(估)(报)(告)(将)(为)(2015年)(在)(巴)(黎)(举)(行)(的)(第)(21届)(联)(合)(国)(气)(候)(变)(化)(大)(会)(提)(供)(讨)(论)(基)(础)(,并)(帮)(助)(推)(动)(各)(国)(领)(导)(人)(在)(2015年)(之)(前)(达)(成)(一)(项)(具)(有)(法)(律)(约)(束)(力)(的)(应)(对)(全)(球)(气)(候)(变)(化)(新)(协)(议)(。
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